The news is currently full of what is happening with the Iran deal. Politicians and pundits are arguing whether they think the deal is good or whether it should be rejected. The one thing nobody in the media is talking about is why Iran is hostile towards the United States. Iranians didn’t wake up one day and just decide to start chanting death to America.
Below are 4 major reasons given as to why Iran is hostile towards the United States:
The CIA and the Shah
The CIA overthrew the democratically elected Prime Minister, Mohammad Mosaddeq, with the help
of the British government in 1953. Mohammad Mosaddeq was seen as a threat to US strategic and economic interests after he nationalized the British Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (later known as BP). With the help of the CIA, the Shah (King of Iran) returned to power and did the bidding of the United States. As a sign of gratitude, the Shah gave 40% of Iran’s oil fields to US owned oil companies. Decades of oppression by the Shah led to the Iranian Revolution in 1979. The Shah fled Iran and was granted access into the US for medical treatment by then President, Jimmy Carter. As a result of US giving the Shah asylum, the American Embassy in Tehran was overrun and Iran held American diplomats hostage for 444 days.
Support for Saddam
Declassified CIA documents show that the United States aided Iraq during the Iran-Iraq War which lasted from 1980 to 1988. Only recently has the CIA officially admitted to helping Iraq acquire/make and use chemical weapons against Iran. The declassified CIA records estimated that chemical weapons killed more than 50,000 Iranians during the war. To this day, around 70,000 Iranians still suffer from the effects of their exposure to nerve agents and toxic gas during the war.
Some CIA officials admitted on record that they were worried that Iran would take revenge against the United States for helping Iraq use chemical weapons against them. In hindsight the CIA’s suspicions were proven right because Iran started pursuing terrorist attacks against the United States. In 1983, an Iranian backed terrorist organization, Hezbollah, was involved in the bombing of US and French military barracks in Beirut, in which 299 people were killed. Iran later built a monument to honor the individuals who carried out the suicide bombing against the US.
Iran Air Flight 655
In 1988 an American warship, the U.S.S. Vincennes, fired two surface-to-air missiles at what was thought to be an Iranian fighter jet. The mysterious plane turned out to be an Iranian commercial plane en-route to Dubai. In the end, all 290 people aboard Iran Air flight 655 perished.
Iran sued the US in the International Court of Justice and the US agreed to pay $61.8 million to the families
of the victims. However, the US government has never admitted responsibility or even apologized for shooting down the aircraft. Each year on the anniversary of the downing of Iran Air Flight 655, Iranians toss flowers into the ocean to remember those lost during that day.
U.S. and the MEK
The MEK is a Marxist/Islamic group that seeks to overthrow the government of Iran. MEK members have and continue to carry out assassinations, bombings, and other terrorist attacks against Iran at home and abroad, killing thousands of Iranians over the past three decades.
In the past three decades the MEK has assassinated around 70 high ranking Iranian officials,
including President Rajai and Prime Minister Mohammad Javad Bahonar.
The United States openly supports and provides assistance to the group, the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq
(MEK). This is infuriating to Iran because the US is supporting a terrorist group that seeks to
overthrow the leadership in Tehran.
In late 2012, under Secretary Clinton’s orders, the State Department delisted the MEK from its list of
designated terrorist groups. Many former Politicians and high-ranking government officials were instrumental in the delisting of the MEK. The MEK has openly paid speaking fees to former Governors, directors of the CIA and FBI, and a former chairman of the DNC, to only name a few.